The global positioning system was created by the U.S. military as a solution to their navigation problems. The current navigation systems were extremely limited. When the Cold War produced the real threat of nuclear attack, the billions of dollars needed to create a precise navigation system were justified.
Although the global positioning system can provide precise navigation, it is also used for all types of GPS Tracking. Since the GPS tracker location is known, it can be monitored. The different types of GPS Tracking all have one thing in common: they are monitoring the location and movements of an asset.
There are different types of GPS tracking available, depending on the type of asset being tracked.
Companies around the world use GPS trackers to monitor cargo. New technology has given way to portable GPS trackers that contain their own power source. These GPS trackers can be affixed to cargo to provide their location, in any type of weather and regardless if they are indoors or out. Keeping track of cargo using GPS trackers has resulted in more accurate predictions of delivery times, as well as eliminating lost assets.
In addition to monitoring cargo, vehicles and fleets can also be tracked using GPS technology. A vehicle tracking system combines the installation of an electronic device in a vehicle, or fleet of vehicles, communicating with a tracking site, enabling users to track the vehicle's location. Vehicle tracking ensures that vehicles are being used properly and that they can be recovered in the event they are stolen.
Companies and emergency services use GPS tracking to effectively coordinate their response to calls. For example, an emergency services team knows the location of all their vehicles, thanks to GPS tracking. When they get a call, they know which vehicle is closest to the emergency.
Law enforcement agencies use GPS tracking to monitor suspect's vehicles during surveillance operations.
With all types of GPS tracking, not only do you know where the asset is, you also know where the asset has been and how quickly it is moving.
Common types of GPS tracking for everyday use include pet and person tracking.
Pet owners can attach a collar outfitted with a GPS tracker to their pet. Should the pet ever get lost, it can be quickly found. Pet owners also use GPS trackers for geofencing. Geofencing differs from the other types of GPS tracking because it allows the user to assign area perimeters. For example, when their pet wanders away from a designated area, the owner is notified, either by email or as a text alert to their phone.
Parents can also use a GPS tracker to monitor the movements of their child. Commonly used when there is a new driver in the family, the parent can keep track of where their child is, how fast they are going and where they have been.